• Prediabetes is a term used to distinguish people who are at increased risk of developing diabetes. People with prediabetes have impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). Some people may have both IFG and IGT.
• IFG is a condition in which the fasting blood sugar level is elevated (100 to 125 milligrams per deciliter or mg/dL) after an overnight fast but is not high enough to be classified as diabetes.
• IGT is a condition in which the blood sugar level is elevated (140 to 199 mg/dL) after a 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test, but is not high enough to be classified as diabetes.
• In a cross-section of U.S. adults aged 40-74 years who were tested from 1988 to 1994, 33.8% had IFG, 15.4% had IGT, and 40.1% had prediabetes (IGT or IFG or both). Were these percentages applied to the 2000 U.S. population, about 35 million adults aged 40-74 would have IFG, 16 million would have IGT, and 41 million would have prediabetes.
• Progression to diabetes among those with prediabetes is not inevitable. Studies suggest that weight loss and increased physical activity among people with prediabetes prevent or delay diabetes and may return blood glucose levels to normal.
• People with prediabetes are already at increased risk for other adverse health outcomes such as heart disease and stroke.
• To survive, people with type 1 diabetes must have insulin delivered by injections or a pump.
• Many people with type 2 diabetes can control their blood glucose by following a careful diet and exercise program, losing excess weight, and taking oral medication.
• Many people with diabetes also need to take medications to control their cholesterol and blood pressure.
• Diabetes self-management education is an integral component of medical care.
• Among adults with diagnosed diabetes, 12% take both insulin and oral medications, 19% take insulin only, 53% take oral medications only, and 15% do not take either insulin or oral medications.
Charitable foundation dedicated to type 1 diabetes research. Information and articles about type 1 diabetes can be found on this site.
The National Diabetes Education Program (NDEP) is a joint program of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Institutes of Health, and 200-plus partners. Partners work together to improve the treatment and outcomes of diabetes in individuals, families, communities, and health care systems.
CDC Division that combines support for public health-oriented diabetes prevention and control programs and translates diabetes research findings into widespread clinical and public health practice. Site provides numerous resources and information including diabetes projects, publications, fact sheets and more.
How diabetes occurs and how to treat it.
You’re just a "tweet" away. Follow us on Twitter to receive news and helpful updates throughout the day.
Sharing information with friends and family is the number one reason for social media outlets. Check out our Facebook page and become a fan!